Burden and outcome of community-acquired pneumonia in adult patients admitted to National Referral Hospital, Bhutan
Introduction: Community acquired pneumonia is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally with the highest burden being reported from Asia. In Bhutan, community acquired pneumonia was reported to be one of the top five causes of mortality and one of the top ten causes of morbidity.
Methods: This was an observational study done in a cohort of adult patients with community acquired pneumonia who were admitted to National Referral Hospital of Bhutan from February 2020 – February 2021 using purposive sampling. The Research Ethics Board of Health, Bhutan, gave ethical approval. We evaluated the burden and outcome of the community acquired pneumonia, and assessed the predictive capability of CURB-65 score to predict mortality as an outcome in these patients.
Results: The inpatient burden of community acquired pneumonia was found to be 4.7% among patients admitted to medical wards. The mortality was 7.8%. 15.7 % of patients were managed in the intensive care unit out of which 5.9% patients needed mechanical ventilation. The mean hospital length of stay of these patients was 13 days. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of CURB-65 score to predict death as an outcome in these patients were 87.5%, 43.6%, 11.7% and 97.6% respectively.
Conclusion: The inpatient burden of Community Acquired Pneumonia in the National Referral Hospital is of concern. The CURB-65 score can be used a supplement to clinical judgement to assess the severity of the disease and make appropriate management decisions.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Sonam Choki, Chhabi Lal Adhikari, Dhrupthob Sonam, Sonam Chhoden R
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