Pattern and short-term outcome of pediatric kidney disease at national referral hospital in Bhutan: an observational study

Authors

  • Sonam Trashigang General Hospital, Trashigang, Bhutan https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0294-4024
  • Tenzin Lhadon Department of Pediatrics, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan
  • Tashi Choden Department of Pediatrics, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan
  • Dorey A. Glenn UNC Kidney Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47811/bhj.133

Keywords:

Acute Kidney Injury, Children, Glomerulonephritis, Renal Diseases, Urinary Tract Infections

Abstract

Introduction: The epidemiology of kidney diseases in children can vary widely across geographic regions. The main purpose of this study was to determine the pattern and short-term outcome of kidney disease among children hospitalized at the national referral hospital in Bhutan.

Methods: All admitted children aged one month to 12 years with kidney disease, from January to December 2018, were included in the study. Diagnostic criteria were applied to all the patients on admission to determine study eligibility and subsequent demographic and clinical data were collected using a structured interviewer administered pro forma.

Results: A total of 128 (7.8%) children met diagnostic criteria for kidney disease among 1648 hospitalized children during the study period. The median age at presentation was 2.5 years (interquartile range 0 to 8). The commonest disease was acute kidney injury (48, 37.5%) followed by acute glomerulonephritis (37, 28.9%), urinary tract infection (37, 28.9%), congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (11, 8.6%) and nephrotic syndrome (11, 8.6%). Median duration of hospital stay was 8 days (IQR 4 to 14.8). Four (3.1%) patients were referred to India for specialist care, 5 (3.9%) underwent dialysis and 28 (21.9%) died. Of the 28 patients who died, 26 (92.9%) had acute kidney injury and 2 (7.1%) had chronic kidney disease.

Conclusions: Pediatric kidney diseases comprise a significant proportion of disease burden at the national referral hospital. Education of primary healthcare providers about the epidemiologic burden of pediatric kidney diseases is needed to reduce kidney-related morbidity and mortality.

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Published

2022-05-31

How to Cite

Sonam, Tenzin Lhadon, Tashi Choden, & Dorey A. Glenn. (2022). Pattern and short-term outcome of pediatric kidney disease at national referral hospital in Bhutan: an observational study. Bhutan Health Journal, 8(1), 20–26. https://doi.org/10.47811/bhj.133

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Section

Original Article