Assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Respectful Maternity Care among nurse midwives in Referral Hospitals of Bhutan


  • Sonam Deki Faculty of Nursing and Public Health, Khesar Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences of Bhutan, Thimphu, Bhutan.
  • Jigme Choden Quality Assurance & Standardization Division, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan.



Introduction: Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) acknowledges that respects for woman’s rights, choices and dignity during labor and childbirth is vital component of health care quality. This cross-sectional descriptive study intended to gain in-depth understanding on knowledge, attitude and practices of nurse midwives working in referral hospitals of Bhutan on RMC. The study also looked into determinants of RMC.

Methods: The sample consisted of 83 nurse midwives who were working in birthing and maternity unit of three regional referral hospitals of Bhutan. The sites were chosen purposefully due to their high delivery volume. A survey instrument was piloted in Paro hospital prior to study. Data was collected from July to October 2017. Analysis was mainly descriptive, simple percentages were used to calculate frequency distribution of aspects and determinants of respectful maternity care.

Results: Four in five of the respondents knew and practiced woman’s right to information and communication during childbirth process. However, providers were found lacking on some aspects of the knowledge and practices related to respecting choices and rights of the women during childbirth and recounted their experiences of observing events which are described as abusive in maternal health literatures. Inadequate facilities, overworked staffs and limited trainings were found as detrimental factors.

Conclusion: Aspects of RMC were not duly practiced. Providers must be made aware of the woman’s right to respectful care which is crucial to improve maternal health services. Individual Health Facility must provide conducive environment to practice RMC. Future studies on RMC from receiver end are recommended.


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How to Cite

Deki, S., & Choden, J. (2018). Assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Respectful Maternity Care among nurse midwives in Referral Hospitals of Bhutan. Bhutan Health Journal, 4(1), 1–7.



Original Article